1494: How a Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half por Stephen R. Bown

December 16, 2019

Descargue o lea el libro de 1494: How a Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half de Stephen R. Bown en formato PDF y EPUB. Aquí puedes descargar cualquier libro en formato PDF o Epub gratis. Use el botón disponible en esta página para descargar o leer libros en línea.

Titulo del libro: 1494: How a Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half
Autor: Stephen R. Bown

Stephen R. Bown con 1494: How a Family Feud in Medieval Spain Divided the World in Half

In 1494, award-winning author Stephen R. Bown tells the untold story of the explosive feud between monarchs, clergy, and explorers that split the globe between Spain and Portugal and made the world’s oceans a battleground.
When Columbus triumphantly returned from America to Spain in 1493, his discoveries inflamed an already-smouldering conflict between Spain’s renowned monarchs, Ferdinand and Isabella, and Portugal’s João II. Which nation was to control the world’s oceans? To quell the argument, Pope Alexander VI—the notorious Rodrigo Borgia—issued a proclamation laying the foundation for the Treaty of Tordesillas of 1494, an edict that created an imaginary line in the Atlantic Ocean dividing the entire known (and unknown) world between Spain and Portugal.
Just as the world’s oceans were about to be opened by Columbus’s epochal voyage, the treaty sought to limit the seas to these two favored Catholic nations. The edict was to have a profound influence on world history: it propelled Spain and Portugal to superpower status, steered many other European nations on a collision course, and became the central grievance in two centuries of international espionage, piracy, and warfare.
The treaty also began the fight for “the freedom of the seas”—the epic struggle to determine whether the world’s oceans, and thus global commerce, would be controlled by the decree of an autocrat or be open to the ships of any nation—a distinctly modern notion, championed in the early seventeenth century by the Dutch legal theorist Hugo Grotius, whose arguments became the foundation of international law.
At the heart of one of the greatest international diplomatic and political agreements of the last five centuries were the strained relationships and passions of a handful of powerful individuals. They were linked by a shared history, mutual animosity, and personal obligations—quarrels, rivalries, and hatreds that dated back decades. Yet the struggle ultimately stemmed from a young woman’s determination to defy tradition and the king, and to choose her own husband.

Los más vendidos Libros El gran dragón negro: Y los niños de Terezín. (Basada en hechos reales) La llave de Sarah (BEST SELLER) Los Secretos de un Recuerdo: (FICCIÓN HISTÓRICA, NOVELA ROMÁNTICA, SUSPENSE E INTRIGA) El último judío (BIBLIOTECA NOAH GORDON) I Married a Communist (English Edition) Im Lautlosen (German Edition) Canción de cuna de Auschwitz (HARPER BOLSILLO) Cilka's Journey: The sequel to The Tattooist of Auschwitz (English Edition) The Tattooist of Auschwitz: the heart-breaking and unforgettable international bestseller (English Edition) Finding Rebecca (English Edition) La casa del nazi (MAXI) The Good Doctor of Warsaw: A novel of hope in the dark, for fans of The Tattooist of Auschwitz (English Edition) Pentateuco De Isaac,El 5ヲed: Sobre la vida de Isaac Jacob Blumenfeld durante dos guerras, en tres campos de concentración y en cinco patrias: 34 (Libros del Asteroide) Indignación (CONTEMPORANEA) Goodbye, Columbus (CONTEMPORANEA) La librería de los corazones solitarios (FUERA DE COLECCION SUMA.) The Spinoza Problem: A Novel (English Edition) El último judío (Rocabolsillo) El pentateuco de Isaac (Libros del Asteroide nº 34) Time's Arrow [Idioma Inglés] Canción de cuna de Auschwitz (HARPERCOLLINS) You Are My Sunshine: A Holocaust Novel. Book two of the All My Love Detrick, series (English Edition) Secrets Revealed: Book Two in the Eidel's Story Series (Eidel's Story Series 2) (English Edition) Who Is The Real Mother?: Book One in the Eidel's Story Series (English Edition) La hoguera del odio The Plot Against America The Tenth Muse Canción de cuna en Aushwitz Cilka´s Journey: The Sequel to The Tattooist of Auschwitz The Golem And The Jinni (P.S.) [Idioma Inglés] The Lost Girls Of Paris Cilka's Journey: The sequel to The Tattooist of Auschwitz La Niña Que Miraba Los Trenes Partir / The Girl Who Watched the Trains Leave About the Night (English Edition) I Am Juden: Undercover in the SS (Revised & Fully Updated) (English Edition) Sombras sobre el Hudson (B DE BOLSILLO) The Yiddish Policemen’s Union (English Edition) Die silberne Spieldose (German Edition) JE NE VEUX PAS PARTIR: ROMAN El rabino (Bestseller (roca)) La canción de Auschwitz (Kailas Ficción) The Tattooist Of Auschwitz: Based on the powerful true story of Lale Sokolov I Married a Communist El quinto siervo (B DE BOLSILLO) Jonahs Versprechen (German Edition) El rabino: Edición 50 aniversario (Bestseller Historica) Nemesis The Mistress of Auschwitz (English Edition) The Jerusalem Diamond (English Edition) Exodus